Below is a commonly used table of Greek and Hebrew alphabet=numerical values. In English, we have alpha and numeric characters: a,b,c,d,e, etc., & 0,1,2,3,4, etc. Both Greek and Hebrew have only one set of characters used for both words and numbers. When a word in Greek, for example, is written out, it has a mathematical value. This value is called the gematria.
While many scholars disagree on the numerical values attached to the two alphabets, and valid arguments can be made, the table below is designed to be used as a reference point only and not as a basis of scholarly discussion.
Greek and Hebrew have no known common root, but the Greek alphabet is derived from the Phoenician/Hebrew alphabet; the Phoenician and Hebrew languages are very closely related; like dialects of one language.
The names of the Greek letters have their origins in Phoenician and Hebrew. They come from pictographs where the letters were originally derived by simplification. "Aluph" means bull (derived from a bull pictogram), "bet" means house (from the Hebrew "bayt") , "Gamma" comes from "Gammal", meaning camel, and so on. The Greeks added some new letters, those that come after Tau.
During the Hellenistic period, when Palestine was part of the Seleucid and Ptolmaic empires, Hebrew borrowed many Greek words.
The root "AGR" has two meanings in Hebrew. In one of these meanings it denotes collecting/gathering/storing. This sense of the root may have been borrowed from Greek. However, the root "AGR" in Hebrew also has the meaning of reward/recompense/price/fee. It has this meaning also in Aramaic and Arabic. The modern Hebrew "agorah" is derived from "AGR" with this old Semitic meaning.
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