The Druids were polytheistic and revered the sun, the moon, and the stars, looking to them for signs and seasons. They also venerated other natural elements: the oak, tree groves, hilltops, streams, lakes, and even plants. Fire was believed to be a symbol of several divinities, the sun, and cleansing. The calendar year of the Druids was governed by the lunar, solar, vegetative, and herding cycles.
Some followers and practitioners of black magic and witchcraft believe that grimoires must be handwritten in red ink, preferably blood, bound in black leather or human skin, and bestowed upon the user as part of a witch's legacy. None of this is true and in fact, is abhorrent to a true, practicing witch or sorcerer.
Grimoires were extremely popular from 1600 C.E. thru 1900 C.E. The Black Dragon, Red Dragon, and the Black Screech Owl are all good and heavily read examples of grimoires or magical texts. The word grimoire is a derivative of the word grammar. Grammar is a linguistic term that describes an established set of symbols, rules, and the manner of their incorporation with words to properly construct well-formed, meaningful sentences and texts. Like grammar, a grimoire describes a set of magic symbols and how best to properly combine them to construct successful spells, rituals, and invocation to achieve the desired effects.
True grimoires contain very elaborate rituals with highly detailed instructions on how the must be performed. The source of much of the information contained in the various grimoires was derived from ancient Greek and Egyptian magical writings, but Hebrew and Latin scrolls were also used. Grimoires were primarily used by sorcerers of antiquity and early church officials, it was not until later that the material was adapted by witches for the practice of Black Magic and Witchcraft.
The four main Druid holidays included Imbolc, signaling the first signs of spring, Beltane, which recognized the abundance of life after spring, Lughnasadh, a celebration of the maturing first fruits and the deity Lugh, and Samhain, which marked the end of the harvest and the lowering of the barrier between the world of the living and that of the dead.
The timing of the four festivals or holidays were determined by the presence of a full moon and the seasonal changes. Imbolc was celebrated at the full moon roughly midway between the winter solstice and the vernal equinox. Beltane fell between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice. Lughnasadh was celebrated between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox. Samhain was the holiday halfway between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice.
The original timing of the festivals by the ancient Druids was much different than the popular "New Age" modern-day beliefs about Druidism wherein a holiday is celebrated according to the Julian calendar, which did not exist at the time of the formation of the original holidays, festivals, or celebrations.
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