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Esoterica Historical Timeline: Witchcraft, Magic, Sorcery

What follows is a condensed Esoterica Timeline following the highlights of magic, sorcery, witchcraft, and magickal thought through the centuries and their influence on the interdisciplinary studies of Western esotericism (something only understood by a chosen group), also known as the Western Mystery Tradition. Western esoteric traditions include alchemy, astrology, Gnosticism, gnosis, magic, mysticism, Rosicrucianism, secret societies, and their ramifications in art history, history, literature, and politics.

Esoterica Timeline

13th century BCE: Zarathushtra founds Zoroastrianism, the religion of the Magi; Moses founds Judaism; mythical date of Hermes Trismegistus.

10th century BCE: Solomon, son of David, King of Israel flourished.

4 BCE-33 CE: Jesus founds Christianity.

1st century CE: Apollonius of Tyana flourished.

1st to 3rd CE: Testament of Solomon composed.

100-300 CE: composition of Corpus Hermetica.

204-270 CE: Plotinus, Neoplatonic philosopher and mystic (born in Egypt).

250-325 CE: Iamblicus, neoplatonic philosopher, was born in Chalcis, Coele-Syria.

500 CE (circa): Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite flourished, probably a native of Syria.

6th CE: Sefer Yetzirah edited.

10th CE: Sword of Moses composed.

1004-1007: al-Majriti, author of Picatrix, passes.

1054: Rome splits from orthodox church, forms Catholic church.

1175-1235: Michael Scot (Scottish).

1220-1292: Roger Bacon (English).

1227: Pope Honorius III passes.

1232: Ramon Llull born (Majorca).

1240: Abraham Abulafia, Sicilian Kabbalist, founder of ecstatic Kabbala, born in Saragosa.

1248: Joseph Gikatilla, Spanish Sephardic Kabbalist, born.

1250: Liber Juratus (Sworn Book of Honorius) compiled by Honorius of Thebes, son of Euclid.

1259: Peter de Abano [Pietro d'Abano], Italian physician and philosopher born. Professor of medicine in Padua.

1266: John Duns Scotus, Scottish scholastic philosopher and thrologian, born.

1274: Ramon Llull's vision on Mount Randa.

1280: Sefer Ha-Zohar written by Moses de León but attributed to Simon ben Yohai.

1292: Abraham Abulafia passes.

1308: John Duns Scotus passes.

1314: Jacques de Molay, last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, burned at the stake in Paris.

1316: Ramon Llull passes;.

1316: Peter de Abano passes.

1323: Joseph Gikatilla passes.

1433: Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher born. Under the patronage of the de'Medicis, he translated many Greek classics including the Corpus Hermetica.

1453: Fall of Constantinople to the Turks caused dispersal and spread of Greek manuscripts and scholarship.

1455: Johannes Reuchlin, German humanist and lawyer, born. Reuchlin wrote on Kabbalah and propagated Hebrew stupasses.

1462: Johannes Trithemius born at Trittenheim on the Moselle. Trithemius was a famous scholar and Benedictine abbot.

1463: Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher and scholar, born.

1466: Francesco Giorgi [Zorzi], Venetian philosopher, born. Author of De Harmonia Mundi (Venits, 1525).

1471: Ficino's translation of Corpus Hermeticum published.

1474: Ferdinand and Isabella ascend to the throne.

1483: Martin Luther born Eisleben, Saxony, Germany.

1486: Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa born in Cologne Germany; Malleus Maleficarum published, major instrument of witch hunters; Giovanni Pico della Mirandola takes his theses to Rome.

1489: Ficino's Libri de Vita published.

1492: Ferdinand and Isabella expel Jews from Spain, center of Cabalistic stupasses, caused dispersal and spread of Jewish and Cabalistic manuscripts and scholarship; discovery of the New World.

1493: Paracelsus (Aureolus Philippus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim) born Einsiedeln Switzerland. Swiss physician and philosopher. He was tutored (by his account) by Trithemius.

1494: Reuchlin's De verbo mirifico published; Giovanni Pico della Mirandola passes.

1499: Marsilio Ficino passes.

1510: Agrippa's De Occulta philosophia finished Guillaume Postel, French mathematician, Kabbalist, and mystic born.

1515: Johan Weyer born.

1516: Johannes Trithemius passes.

1517: Reuchlin's De arte cabalistica published; Martin Luther posts theses.

1522: Johannes Reuchlin passes.

1525: Giorgi's De harmonia mundi published.

1527: John Dee born in London Maximillian II born.

1533: Agrippa's De Occulta philosopha published; Isaak Luria, Jewish Kabbalist, born in Jerusalem; Queen Elizabeth I born at Greenwich palace in London (September 7).

1535: Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa passes; Giambattista della Porta born in Naples. Author of Magia naturalis (Natural Magic) (1585, 1589).

1538: Reginald Scot born. Author of Discouerie of Witchcraft (1584).

1540: Francesco Giorgi passes; Faust passes.

1541: Paracelsus passes.

1542: Inquisition established in Rome.

1546: Martin Luther passes.

1548: Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher born in Nola Italy.

1552: Simon Forman born Emperor Rudolph II born Guillaume Postel publishes Latin translation of Sefer Yetzirah:.

1554: Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded.

1555: Edward Kelley born.

1558: Elizabeth I becomes queen of England; Giambattista della Porta's Magia Naturalis published; Zohar printed.

1560: Heinrich Khunrath born in Leipzig.

1564: Dee's Monas Hieroglyphica published.

1566: Michael Maier, physician, alchemist, and philosopher, born in Rensburg, Holstein (Germany). Physician to Emperor Rudolph II.

1572: Isaak Luria passes.

1574: Robert Fludd, English physician, philosopher, and mystic, born.

1575: Jakob Boehme, German religious mystic, born; Arbatel Of Magic first appears.

1576: Maximillian II passes.

1581: Dee and Kelley start their "mystical experiments" Guillaume Postel passes.

1584: Bruno's Expulsion of the Triumphant Beast published.

1588: Johan Weyer passes.

1595: Edward Kelley passes (Nov).

1599: Reginald Scot passes.

1600: Giordano Bruno burned at the stake in Rome.

1602: Athanasius Kircher born in Geisa a. d. Ulster, Germany (May 2) William Lilly, astrologer and translator of Trithemius, born in Diseworth, county Leicester, England.

1603: Queen Elizabeth I passes; accession of James I.

1605: Heinrich Khunrath passes.

1606: Trithemius' Steganographia first published.

1608: John Dee passes.

1611: Simon Forman passes.

1612: Emperor Rudolph II passes.

1614-15: Rosicrucian manifestos published in Germany.

1615: Giambattista della Porta passes.

1617: Elias Ashmole born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England (May 23).

1617-19: Fludd's Utriusque cosmi historia published.

1618: Maier's Atlanta Fugiens published.

1620: Robert Turner 'of Holshot', translator of magical texts, born.

1622: Thomas Vaughan, English Rosicrucian, born Michael Maier passes.

1624: Jakob Boehme passes.

1636: Christian Knorr von Rosenroth, German mystic and Kabbalist, born.

1637: Robert Fludd passes.

1652: Kircher's Oedipus Aegyptiacus published Thomas Vaughan publishes English translation (not his own) of the Rosicrucian Fama and Confessio.

1666: Thomas Vaughan passes.

1677: Christian Knorr von Rosenroth published first volume of Kabbala Denudata:.

1680: Athanasius Kircher passes.

1681: William Lilly, astrologer and translator of Trithemius, passes.

1684: Christian Knorr von Rosenroth published second volume of Kabbala Denudata:.

1688: Emanuel Swedenborg, scientist and mystic, born in Stockholm, Sweden.

1689: Christian Knorr von Rosenroth passes.

1692: Elias Ashmole passes Salem witchcraft panic.

1707: Moses Hayyim Luzzatto, Hebrew poet and Kabbalistic mystic, born Padua.

1734: Franz Anton Mesmer born in Iznang, Swabia (Germany) (May 23).

1747: Moses Hayyim Luzzatto passes.

1749-56: Swedenborg's Arcana Coelestia published.

1751: Ebenezer Sibly born.

1772: Emanuel Swedenborg passes.

1800: Ebenezer Sibly passes.

1810: Eliphas Levi, (Constant, Alphonse Louis), French occultist, born in Paris, France. He is said to be largely responsible for the revival of magic in the 19th century.

1815: Franz Anton Mesmer passes.

1831: Helena Petrovna Blavatski (Helena Petrovna von Hahn), cofounder of the Theosophical Society, born of German parents in Yekaterinoslav (now Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine).

1832: Henry Steel Olcott, cofounder of the Theosophical Society, born.

1865: Papus (i.e. G.A.V. Encausse), French occultist and author born.

1846: Anna Kingsford (Annie Bonus) born.

1847: Annie Besant (née Wood), author and noted Theosophist born.

1848: William W. Wescott born.

1854: Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers born in London.

1856: Levi's masterpiece Le Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie published.

1857: Arthur Edward Waite born in Brooklyn, New York.

1861: Rudolph Steiner born.

1865: William Butler Yeats born in Ireland.

1875: Eliphas Levi, (Constant, Alphonse Louis) passes (May 31).

1875: Aleister Crowley (Crowley, Edward Alexander) born (October 12).

1889: Mathers' edition of Kabbalah Unveiled published.

1888: Anna Kingsford (Annie Bonus) passes Papus' Traité Elémentaire de Science Occulte published; Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn established in London.

1889: Mathers' edition of Key of Solomon published.

1890: Dion Fortune (i.e. Violet Mary Firth) born; W.B. Yeats joins the Golden Dawn.

1891: Helena Petrovna Blavatski (Helena Petrovna von Hahn), cofounder of the Theosophical Society, passes.

1897: Levi's Le Clef des Grandes Mystères published.

1898: Julius Evola born Aleister Crowley joins the Golden Dawn; Mathers publishes The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abra-Melin the Mage [Abramelin].

1899: C.G. Leland publishes Aradia, the Gospel of the Witches:.

1900: Crowley expelled from the Golden Dawn.

1901: Manly Palmer Hall born.

1907: Henry Steel Olcott, cofounder of the Theosophical Society, passes Israel Regardie born.

1909: Franz Bardon born.

1916: Papus (i.e. G.A.V. Encausse), French occultist and author passes.

1918: Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers passes.

1925: William W. Wescott passes Rudolph Steiner passes.

1933: Annie Besant (née Wood), author and noted Theosophist passes.

1937: Israel Regardie publishes the Golden Dawn, which includes the bulk of the Golden Dawns' rituals and teachings.

1939: William Butler Yeats passes.

1942: Arthur Edward Waite passes.

1946: Dion Fortune (i.e. Violet Mary Firth) passes.

1947: Aleister Crowley (Crowley, Edward Alexander) passes.

1958: Franz Bardon passes.

1974: Julius Evola passes.

1985: Israel Regardie passes.

1990: Manly Palmer Hall passes.